What is an loi in real estate?

What is an loi in real estate?


In the world of real estate, there are numerous terms and acronyms that can be confusing for both buyers and sellers. One such term is “LOI,” which stands for Letter of Intent. This article aims to provide an in-depth understanding of what an LOI is in the context of real estate transactions.

What is an LOI?

A Letter of Intent (LOI) is a document commonly used in real estate transactions to outline the preliminary terms and conditions of a potential deal. It is a non-binding agreement that serves as a starting point for negotiations between the parties involved. The LOI is typically drafted by the buyer or their representative and submitted to the seller as an expression of interest in purchasing a property.

Purpose of an LOI: The primary purpose of an LOI is to establish a framework for negotiations and ensure that both parties are on the same page before proceeding with a more formal and legally binding agreement, such as a purchase agreement or contract. It helps to clarify the buyer’s intentions, including the proposed purchase price, financing terms, contingencies, and any other specific conditions that may be relevant to the transaction.

Key Components of an LOI: While the specific contents of an LOI may vary depending on the transaction and the parties involved, there are several key components that are typically included. These may include:

1. Identification of Parties: The LOI should clearly identify the buyer and seller, including their legal names and contact information.

2. Purchase Price and Terms: The proposed purchase price and any associated terms, such as the method of payment, deposit amount, and financing arrangements, should be clearly stated.

3. Due Diligence: The LOI may outline the buyer’s right to conduct due diligence, such as property inspections, environmental assessments, and title searches, before proceeding with the transaction.

4. Contingencies: Contingencies are conditions that must be met for the transaction to proceed. Common contingencies include obtaining financing, securing necessary permits or approvals, and satisfactory completion of inspections.

5. Timeline: The LOI may include a proposed timeline for the transaction, including key milestones such as the completion of due diligence, the signing of a purchase agreement, and the closing date.

6. Confidentiality: If the parties wish to keep the details of the transaction confidential, the LOI may include a confidentiality clause.


In summary, a Letter of Intent (LOI) is a preliminary document used in real estate transactions to outline the proposed terms and conditions of a potential deal. It serves as a starting point for negotiations and helps ensure that both parties are aligned before moving forward with a more formal agreement. While an LOI is typically non-binding, it is an essential step in the real estate transaction process.


1. investopedia.com
2. legalmatch.com
3. thebalance.com