What is a tying agreement in real estate?

What is a tying agreement in real estate?


A tying agreement in real estate refers to a contractual arrangement where the sale or lease of one property is contingent upon the purchase or lease of another property. It is a practice that can have significant implications for both buyers and sellers, as it may limit their options and potentially restrict competition. In this article, we will dive deeper into the concept of tying agreements in real estate, exploring their purpose, potential benefits, and legal considerations.

Understanding Tying Agreements in Real Estate

A tying agreement typically arises when a seller or landlord conditions the sale or lease of a property on the buyer or tenant’s agreement to also purchase or lease another property. The two properties involved may be related in various ways, such as being part of the same development project, owned by the same entity, or sharing certain amenities or services.

The purpose of a tying agreement can vary. For sellers or landlords, it may be a strategy to ensure the sale or lease of less desirable properties by linking them to more desirable ones. This can help maximize profits or occupancy rates. On the other hand, buyers or tenants may be enticed by the prospect of acquiring or occupying a desirable property, even if it means also acquiring or occupying a less desirable one.

Benefits and Concerns: Tying agreements can offer benefits to both parties involved. For sellers or landlords, it can help sell or lease properties that may otherwise be challenging to market individually. It can also create a sense of exclusivity or enhance the perceived value of the properties involved. Buyers or tenants, on the other hand, may gain access to properties they desire by accepting the conditions of the tying agreement.

However, tying agreements can also raise concerns. From a competition standpoint, they may limit consumer choice and restrict market competition. For example, a tying agreement that requires the purchase of a specific property may prevent buyers from considering alternative options that better suit their needs or budget. This can potentially lead to higher prices or less favorable terms for buyers or tenants.

The legality of tying agreements in real estate can vary depending on the jurisdiction and specific circumstances. In some cases, tying agreements may be considered anti-competitive and in violation of antitrust laws. These laws aim to promote fair competition and protect consumers from monopolistic practices.

To determine the legality of a tying agreement, courts often consider factors such as market power, the extent of the tying arrangement, and the potential harm to competition. If a tying agreement is found to be anti-competitive, it may be deemed unenforceable, and the parties involved may face legal consequences.

It is important for both buyers and sellers to be aware of the legal implications of tying agreements in their jurisdiction. Seeking legal advice before entering into such agreements can help ensure compliance with applicable laws and mitigate potential risks.


Tying agreements in real estate can be a complex and controversial practice. While they can offer benefits to both buyers and sellers, they also raise concerns regarding competition and consumer choice. Understanding the legal implications and seeking professional advice is crucial for all parties involved in tying agreements. By doing so, they can navigate the intricacies of these agreements and make informed decisions that align with their best interests.


– Cornell Law School Legal Information Institute: https://www.law.cornell.edu/wex/tying_arrangement
– Investopedia: https://www.investopedia.com/terms/t/tying-arrangement.asp
– American Bar Association: https://www.americanbar.org/groups/antitrust_law/publications/antitrust_lawyer/2018/september-october-2018/tying-arrangements-in-real-estate/