What do bed bug eggs look like on a mattress?

What do bed bug eggs look like on a mattress?


Bed bugs are a common household pest that can cause significant discomfort and frustration. These small insects feed on human blood and can infest various areas of a home, including mattresses. One of the key indicators of a bed bug infestation is the presence of their eggs. In this article, we will explore what bed bug eggs look like on a mattress, helping you identify and address this issue effectively.

Appearance of Bed Bug Eggs

Bed bug eggs are tiny and oval-shaped, measuring about 1mm in length. They are often described as resembling small grains of rice or sesame seeds. The eggs are translucent or pearly white in color, making them difficult to spot with the naked eye. However, when viewed under magnification, you may notice a slight yellowish tint.

Location of Bed Bug Eggs on a Mattress

Bed bugs prefer to lay their eggs in hidden and protected areas close to their food source, which is usually the sleeping area of humans. On a mattress, you are likely to find bed bug eggs in the seams, crevices, and folds. They may also be present in the cracks and joints of the bed frame or headboard, as well as in nearby furniture.

Identifying Bed Bug Eggs on a Mattress

To identify bed bug eggs on a mattress, you will need to conduct a thorough inspection. Start by removing all bedding and closely examining the seams and edges of the mattress. Use a flashlight and magnifying glass if necessary to get a better view. Look for tiny white or translucent eggs that are clustered together. They may be attached to the fabric or other surfaces with a sticky substance secreted by the female bed bug.

Distinguishing Bed Bug Eggs from Other Debris

It is important to note that not all small white or translucent objects on a mattress are bed bug eggs. Other debris, such as lint, skin flakes, or dust, may be present as well. To confirm whether you are dealing with bed bug eggs, consider the following characteristics:

Size and Shape: Bed bug eggs are typically smaller and more oval-shaped than other debris.

Location: Bed bug eggs are often found in clusters or groups, whereas other debris may be more scattered.

Stickiness: Bed bug eggs are usually attached to surfaces with a sticky substance, while other debris may be loose.

If you are still unsure, it is recommended to consult a professional pest control service for accurate identification.

Dealing with Bed Bug Eggs on a Mattress

If you have confirmed the presence of bed bug eggs on your mattress, it is crucial to take immediate action to eliminate the infestation. Here are some steps you can take:

1. Vacuum: Thoroughly vacuum the mattress, paying close attention to the seams, edges, and any other areas where bed bug eggs may be present. Dispose of the vacuum bag or empty the canister outside of your home.

2. Steam Treatment: Using a steam cleaner, apply high heat to the mattress, as bed bugs and their eggs are sensitive to temperatures above 120°F (49°C). Ensure that the steam penetrates into the crevices and folds.

3. Encasement: Consider encasing your mattress in a bed bug-proof encasement. This will help prevent further infestation and make it easier to detect and eliminate any remaining bed bugs or eggs.

4. Professional Assistance: If the infestation persists or if you are dealing with a severe bed bug problem, it is advisable to seek professional help. Pest control experts have the knowledge and tools to effectively eliminate bed bugs and their eggs.


Bed bug eggs on a mattress are small, oval-shaped, and translucent or pearly white in color. They are typically found in clusters or groups in the seams, crevices, and folds of the mattress. It is important to accurately identify bed bug eggs to take appropriate measures for elimination. If you suspect a bed bug infestation, consider consulting a professional pest control service for effective treatment.


– PestWorld.org
– University of Minnesota Extension
– Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)