What is conveyance in real estate?

What is conveyance in real estate?


Conveyance in real estate refers to the legal process of transferring ownership of a property from one party to another. It involves the transfer of the title, rights, and interests in the property. This process is essential to ensure a smooth and valid transfer of real estate ownership. In this article, we will explore the concept of conveyance in real estate in more detail.

Understanding Conveyance in Real Estate

Definition: Conveyance is the legal process of transferring ownership of real estate from a seller (also known as the grantor) to a buyer (also known as the grantee). It involves the preparation and execution of various legal documents, such as deeds, to transfer the title of the property.

Types of Conveyance: There are different types of conveyance methods used in real estate transactions. The most common ones include:

1. General Warranty Deed: This type of deed provides the highest level of protection for the buyer. It guarantees that the seller holds clear title to the property and will defend the buyer against any claims or disputes.

2. Special Warranty Deed: This deed also guarantees that the seller holds clear title to the property, but it only covers the period when the seller owned the property. It does not provide protection against any previous claims or disputes.

3. Quitclaim Deed: A quitclaim deed transfers the seller’s interest in the property to the buyer without any warranties. It is commonly used in situations where the parties involved have an existing relationship or when there is uncertainty about the property’s title.

The Conveyancing Process: The conveyancing process involves several steps to ensure a smooth transfer of ownership. These steps typically include:

1. Preparation of Documents: The conveyancer or attorney prepares the necessary legal documents, including the deed, purchase agreement, and any other relevant contracts or agreements.

2. Title Search: A thorough title search is conducted to verify the property’s ownership history and ensure there are no liens, encumbrances, or other claims that could affect the transfer of ownership.

3. Inspection and Due Diligence: The buyer may conduct inspections and due diligence to assess the property’s condition, such as obtaining a survey, checking for environmental issues, or reviewing any existing leases or contracts.

4. Negotiation and Exchange of Contracts: The buyer and seller negotiate the terms of the sale, including the purchase price, financing arrangements, and any contingencies. Once both parties agree, they sign the contract and exchange it along with the necessary deposits.

5. Completion and Settlement: On the agreed-upon settlement date, the final documents are signed, and the remaining balance is paid. The property’s title is then transferred to the buyer, and the seller receives the proceeds from the sale.


Conveyance is a crucial aspect of real estate transactions, ensuring the legal transfer of property ownership. Understanding the different types of conveyance methods and the steps involved in the conveyancing process is essential for both buyers and sellers. By following the proper legal procedures and seeking professional advice from conveyancers or attorneys, individuals can navigate the conveyance process successfully and protect their interests in real estate transactions.


1. Investopedia: www.investopedia.com/terms/c/conveyance.asp
2. LegalMatch: www.legalmatch.com/law-library/article/what-is-conveyancing.html
3. The Balance: www.thebalance.com/what-is-conveyancing-4770589