How to wind garage door springs?

How to wind garage door springs?


Winding garage door springs is an essential task when it comes to maintaining and repairing garage doors. These springs play a vital role in counterbalancing the weight of the door, making it easier to open and close. However, winding garage door springs can be a challenging and potentially dangerous task if not done correctly. In this article, we will dive deeper into the process of winding garage door springs, providing you with the necessary knowledge and steps to do it safely and effectively.

Understanding Garage Door Springs

Before we delve into the process of winding garage door springs, it is important to understand the different types of springs commonly used in garage doors. The two main types are torsion springs and extension springs.

Torsion Springs: Torsion springs are typically mounted above the garage door and are wound tightly to store energy. When the door is opened, the springs unwind and release the stored energy, helping to lift the door. When closing the door, the springs wind up again, storing energy for the next opening cycle.

Extension Springs: Extension springs are usually located above the horizontal tracks on either side of the garage door. These springs stretch and contract to provide the necessary force to open and close the door. Unlike torsion springs, extension springs do not store energy when the door is closed.

Safety Precautions

Before attempting to wind garage door springs, it is crucial to prioritize safety. These springs are under high tension and can cause serious injury if mishandled. Here are some important safety precautions to follow:

Use Protective Gear: Wear safety glasses, gloves, and long-sleeved clothing to protect yourself from any potential accidents.

Release Tension: Before starting the winding process, ensure that the garage door is fully closed and release any tension in the springs by disconnecting the opener.

Secure the Door: Use clamps or locking pliers to secure the door in place, preventing it from accidentally opening while working on the springs.

Winding Torsion Springs

Winding torsion springs requires specific tools and careful execution. Here are the steps to wind torsion springs safely:

Gather the Necessary Tools: You will need winding bars, a socket wrench, and a ladder to access the springs.

Determine the Wind Direction: Identify the wind direction of the springs. Most residential torsion springs wind in a clockwise direction on the left side and counterclockwise on the right side.

Insert the Winding Bars: Insert the winding bars into the holes on the winding cone of the spring. Make sure they are securely in place.

Apply Tension: Using the winding bars, apply tension to the spring by turning it in the appropriate direction. Be cautious and ensure the bars are securely in the holes to prevent them from slipping out.

Wind the Springs: Begin winding the springs by turning the winding cone slowly. Keep a firm grip on the winding bars and maintain control throughout the process.


Winding garage door springs is a task that requires knowledge, caution, and the right tools. By following the steps outlined in this article and prioritizing safety, you can successfully wind garage door springs and maintain the functionality of your garage door. Remember to always exercise caution and seek professional assistance if you are unsure or uncomfortable with the process.