How to wind a garage door spring?

How to wind a garage door spring?


Winding a garage door spring is an essential task for maintaining the functionality and safety of your garage door. This article will provide a step-by-step guide on how to wind a garage door spring properly. By following these instructions carefully, you can ensure that your garage door operates smoothly and efficiently.

Understanding Garage Door Springs

Before we delve into the process of winding a garage door spring, it’s important to understand the different types of springs commonly used in garage doors. There are two main types: torsion springs and extension springs.

Torsion springs are typically mounted above the garage door and use torque to balance the weight of the door. They are wound tightly when the door is closed and unwind as the door opens. Extension springs, on the other hand, are located on either side of the door and stretch or extend when the door is opened.

Materials Needed

Before you begin winding the garage door spring, gather the necessary materials:

1. Safety glasses and gloves: These will protect you from any potential accidents or injuries.
2. Winding bars: These are specialized tools used to wind and unwind the springs.
3. Ladder: You may need a ladder to reach the springs, depending on their location.
4. C-clamps or vice grips: These will help secure the door in place during the winding process.

Step-by-Step Guide to Winding a Garage Door Spring

Now that you have the required materials, follow these steps to wind a garage door spring:

1. Prepare the work area: Clear any obstructions around the garage door and ensure there is enough space to work safely.

2. Release tension: If your garage door has an opener, disconnect it from the power source to prevent any accidental activation. Also, release the tension on the spring by opening the door fully and placing C-clamps or vice grips on the tracks to hold it in place.

3. Determine the direction of winding: Identify whether your spring needs to be wound clockwise or counterclockwise. This information is usually provided by the manufacturer or can be found in the garage door’s user manual.

4. Insert the winding bars: Insert the winding bars into the holes on the winding cone of the spring. Make sure they are securely in place.

5. Wind the spring: Using the winding bars, carefully rotate the cone in the appropriate direction to wind the spring. Be cautious and apply steady pressure to avoid any sudden movements.

6. Count the number of turns: Keep track of the number of turns you make while winding the spring. This information will be crucial when adjusting the tension later.

7. Repeat the process: If your garage door has multiple springs, repeat steps 4 to 6 for each spring. Ensure that you wind each spring with the same number of turns for proper balance.

8. Test the tension: Once all the springs are wound, remove the C-clamps or vice grips and test the tension of the door. It should open and close smoothly without any excessive force or resistance.


Winding a garage door spring is a task that requires caution and precision. By following the step-by-step guide outlined in this article, you can safely and effectively wind your garage door springs. Remember to always prioritize your safety and consult a professional if you are unsure or uncomfortable performing this task.