How to sand grooves in furniture?

How to sand grooves in furniture?


When it comes to refinishing furniture, sanding grooves can be a challenging task. Whether you are restoring an antique piece or simply giving a new look to your furniture, sanding grooves requires careful attention to detail and the right techniques. In this article, we will explore the steps and tools needed to effectively sand grooves in furniture, ensuring a smooth and professional finish.

Preparing the Furniture

Before you begin sanding, it is important to prepare the furniture properly. Remove any hardware, such as knobs or handles, that may hinder the sanding process. Clean the surface of the furniture to remove any dirt or grime that could affect the sanding process. This can be done using a mild detergent and a soft cloth.

Choosing the Right Sandpaper

The choice of sandpaper is crucial when sanding grooves in furniture. For initial sanding, it is recommended to use a coarse-grit sandpaper, such as 80 or 100 grit, to remove any existing finish or imperfections. As you progress, gradually switch to finer grit sandpapers, such as 180 or 220 grit, to achieve a smoother surface.

Tools for Sanding Grooves

Sanding grooves requires specialized tools to reach those hard-to-reach areas. One such tool is a sanding sponge, which is flexible and can conform to the shape of the groove. Sanding sponges come in various grits and can be easily maneuvered to sand grooves effectively.

Another tool that can be used is a small piece of sandpaper wrapped around a dowel or a pencil. This allows you to reach into narrow grooves and sand them evenly. Ensure that the sandpaper is securely wrapped around the dowel or pencil to avoid any slippage during sanding.

Sanding Technique

When sanding grooves, it is important to follow a consistent technique to achieve an even finish. Start by sanding along the direction of the grain, applying even pressure. This will help to remove any existing finish or imperfections. As you progress, switch to sanding across the grain to smooth out the surface further.

Be cautious not to apply excessive pressure while sanding, as this can result in uneven sanding or even damage the furniture. Take your time and work patiently to ensure a smooth and even finish.

Finishing Touches

Once you have sanded the grooves to your satisfaction, it is important to remove any dust or debris that may have accumulated during the sanding process. Use a soft brush or a tack cloth to gently remove any particles. This will ensure a clean surface for the next step, whether it be staining, painting, or applying a new finish.


Sanding grooves in furniture requires attention to detail, the right tools, and a consistent technique. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can achieve a smooth and professional finish. Remember to choose the appropriate sandpaper, use specialized tools for sanding grooves, and follow a consistent sanding technique. With patience and care, you can transform your furniture into a beautifully refinished piece.


– Furniture Refinishing: A Step-by-Step Guide. Retrieved from:
– How to Sand Furniture: A Beginner’s Guide. Retrieved from:
– Sanding Techniques for Furniture Restoration. Retrieved from: