How to reset a refrigerator compressor?

How to reset a refrigerator compressor?


Resetting a refrigerator compressor can be a useful troubleshooting step if your refrigerator is not cooling properly or if you are experiencing other performance issues. In this article, we will delve into the process of resetting a refrigerator compressor, providing you with a step-by-step guide to help you resolve common refrigerator problems.

Understanding the Refrigerator Compressor

Before we jump into the reset process, it’s essential to understand the refrigerator compressor’s role. The compressor is a vital component responsible for compressing the refrigerant gas, which helps in cooling the refrigerator. It circulates the refrigerant through the condenser and evaporator coils, facilitating heat transfer and maintaining the desired temperature inside the fridge.

When to Reset a Refrigerator Compressor

Resetting the compressor should only be attempted when you have ruled out other common issues that may be causing the problem. If your refrigerator is not cooling, make sure to check the temperature settings, clean the condenser coils, and ensure proper airflow. Additionally, inspect the door seals for any leaks that may be compromising the cooling efficiency. If these steps do not resolve the issue, you can proceed with resetting the compressor.

Steps to Reset a Refrigerator Compressor

Step 1: Unplug the refrigerator: Before attempting any maintenance or reset procedures, ensure the refrigerator is disconnected from the power source. This step is crucial for your safety and to prevent any electrical damage.

Step 2: Locate the compressor: The compressor is usually located at the back of the refrigerator, near the bottom. It is a black, cylindrical component with various tubes and wires connected to it.

Step 3: Access the overload protector: The overload protector is a small device attached to the side of the compressor. It is designed to protect the compressor from overheating. To reset the compressor, you need to access this overload protector.

Step 4: Reset the overload protector: Depending on the refrigerator model, the reset process may vary. In some cases, you can simply press a reset button on the overload protector. However, on other models, you may need to remove the wires connected to the overload protector and then reattach them after a few minutes. Consult your refrigerator’s manual or the manufacturer’s website for specific instructions on resetting the overload protector.

Step 5: Plug the refrigerator back in: After resetting the overload protector, plug the refrigerator back into the power source. Ensure that the power cord is securely connected.

Additional Tips

– If resetting the compressor does not resolve the issue, it is advisable to contact a professional technician to diagnose and repair the problem.
– Regular maintenance, such as cleaning the condenser coils and checking the door seals, can help prevent compressor issues and ensure optimal refrigerator performance.
– Always refer to the refrigerator’s manual or the manufacturer’s instructions for specific guidance on resetting the compressor or any other maintenance procedures.


Resetting a refrigerator compressor can be an effective troubleshooting step to resolve cooling issues. By following the outlined steps and ensuring proper maintenance, you can potentially restore your refrigerator’s performance. However, it is crucial to rule out other common causes of refrigerator problems before attempting a compressor reset. If the issue persists, it is recommended to seek professional assistance.