How to get bed bugs out of a mattress?

How to get bed bugs out of a mattress?


Bed bugs are tiny, blood-sucking insects that can infest your mattress and cause discomfort and sleepless nights. If you’re dealing with a bed bug infestation, it’s crucial to take immediate action to get rid of these pests. In this article, we will explore effective methods to eliminate bed bugs from your mattress and restore a clean and bug-free sleeping environment.

Identifying the Problem

Before you can effectively treat a bed bug infestation, it’s essential to confirm that you are indeed dealing with these pests. Look for signs such as small blood stains on your sheets, dark spots (bed bug excrement), and tiny, rust-colored bugs or their discarded exoskeletons. Once you have confirmed the presence of bed bugs, you can proceed with the following steps.

Isolate the Mattress

To prevent the infestation from spreading to other areas of your home, it’s crucial to isolate the infested mattress. Start by removing all bedding, including sheets, pillowcases, and mattress covers. Place them in sealed plastic bags to prevent any potential bed bugs from escaping.


Thoroughly vacuuming your mattress is an effective way to remove bed bugs and their eggs. Use a vacuum cleaner with a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filter to ensure that the captured bed bugs are not released back into the air. Pay close attention to seams, crevices, and tufts where bed bugs tend to hide. After vacuuming, immediately dispose of the vacuum bag in a sealed plastic bag and discard it outside your home.

Steam Cleaning

Steam cleaning is another effective method to eliminate bed bugs from your mattress. The high temperatures generated by steam can kill bed bugs and their eggs on contact. Use a steam cleaner with a nozzle attachment to treat the entire surface of the mattress, paying extra attention to seams and edges. Ensure that the steam penetrates deep into the mattress fabric to reach any hidden bed bugs.

Encase the Mattress

After treating your mattress, it’s essential to encase it in a bed bug-proof cover. These covers are specially designed with tight-knit fabric that prevents bed bugs from entering or escaping. By encasing your mattress, you create a barrier that traps any remaining bed bugs inside, preventing them from feeding and eventually causing their demise.

Heat Treatment

Bed bugs are highly sensitive to heat, and subjecting your mattress to high temperatures can effectively eliminate them. If possible, place your mattress in direct sunlight for several hours. Alternatively, you can use a portable bed bug heater or a clothes dryer set on high heat to treat your mattress. Ensure that the temperature reaches at least 120°F (49°C) to kill both bed bugs and their eggs.

Professional Pest Control

If your efforts to eliminate bed bugs from your mattress are unsuccessful, or if the infestation is severe, it may be necessary to seek professional pest control services. Professional exterminators have the expertise and specialized equipment to effectively treat bed bug infestations. They can assess the extent of the problem and implement targeted treatments to eradicate the pests from your mattress and home.


Getting bed bugs out of a mattress requires a systematic approach that includes isolating the mattress, vacuuming, steam cleaning, encasing the mattress, heat treatment, and, if necessary, seeking professional pest control services. By following these steps, you can effectively eliminate bed bugs and restore a clean and bug-free sleeping environment.


– Mayo Clinic:
– Environmental Protection Agency:
– Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: