How to clean mattress from bed bugs?

How to clean mattress from bed bugs?


Cleaning a mattress infested with bed bugs is essential to eliminate these pests and ensure a good night’s sleep. Bed bugs can be stubborn and challenging to eradicate, but with the right approach and techniques, you can effectively clean your mattress and get rid of these unwanted guests. In this article, we will explore the steps and methods to clean a mattress from bed bugs.

Identifying Bed Bugs

Before diving into the cleaning process, it is crucial to identify whether your mattress is infested with bed bugs. Look out for the following signs:

1. Small, rust-colored stains on your mattress or sheets, which are bed bug excrement.
2. Tiny, dark spots on your mattress, which are bed bug feces.
3. Red, itchy bites on your body, particularly in a linear pattern.
4. Live bed bugs or their shed exoskeletons on your mattress or in the surrounding areas.

If you notice any of these signs, it is likely that your mattress has a bed bug infestation, and you should proceed with the cleaning process.

Materials and Tools

Materials used: To effectively clean your mattress from bed bugs, you will need the following materials and tools:

1. Vacuum cleaner with a hose and brush attachment.
2. Encasement or mattress cover designed specifically for bed bug protection.
3. Hot water.
4. Washing machine and dryer.
5. Plastic bags.
6. Steam cleaner (optional).
7. Rubbing alcohol.
8. Bed bug spray (optional).

Cleaning Process

Step 1: Remove all bedding and wash: Start by removing all bedding, including sheets, pillowcases, and mattress covers. Place them directly into plastic bags to prevent any potential bed bugs from spreading. Wash the bedding in hot water, preferably above 120°F, and dry them on high heat to kill any bed bugs present.

Step 2: Vacuum the mattress: Use a vacuum cleaner with a hose and brush attachment to thoroughly vacuum your mattress. Pay close attention to seams, crevices, and tufts where bed bugs tend to hide. Vacuuming will help remove live bed bugs, eggs, and their excrement.

Step 3: Steam cleaning (optional): If you have a steam cleaner, you can use it to treat your mattress. The high temperatures of steam can effectively kill bed bugs and their eggs. Ensure that the steam penetrates deep into the mattress to reach hidden bed bugs.

Step 4: Encase the mattress: After cleaning and treating the mattress, encase it with a bed bug-proof encasement or mattress cover. This will prevent any remaining bed bugs from escaping or new ones from infesting your mattress. Make sure the encasement is designed specifically for bed bug protection and is labeled as such.

Step 5: Treat the surrounding area: It is essential to also treat the surrounding area to eliminate any bed bugs that may have spread. Vacuum the floor, baseboards, and nearby furniture thoroughly. Use rubbing alcohol to wipe down hard surfaces, as it can kill bed bugs on contact. Additionally, you may consider using a bed bug spray to further treat the area.


Cleaning a mattress from bed bugs requires a thorough and systematic approach. By following the steps outlined in this article, including identifying the infestation, gathering the necessary materials, and implementing the cleaning process, you can effectively eliminate bed bugs from your mattress. Remember to be diligent and repeat the cleaning process periodically to ensure a bed bug-free sleeping environment.


– Mayo Clinic:
– Environmental Protection Agency:
– PestWorld: