How many amps does a refrigerator draw on startup?

# How many amps does a refrigerator draw on startup?

## Introduction

When it comes to understanding the electrical requirements of a refrigerator, one common question that arises is how many amps a refrigerator draws on startup. The starting amps, also known as the inrush current, are crucial to consider as they can impact the electrical system in your home. In this article, we will delve into the topic and explore the factors that determine the amps a refrigerator draws during startup.

## Understanding Amps and Inrush Current

Before we discuss the specific amps drawn by a refrigerator on startup, let’s briefly understand what amps and inrush current mean. Amps, or amperes, are a unit of electric current, measuring the flow of electricity through a circuit. Inrush current refers to the spike in current that occurs when an electrical device, such as a refrigerator, is turned on.

## Factors Affecting Inrush Current

Several factors influence the inrush current of a refrigerator during startup. These factors include the size and type of the refrigerator, the compressor motor, and the ambient temperature.

Size and Type of Refrigerator: Larger refrigerators generally require more amps on startup compared to smaller ones. Additionally, the type of refrigerator, whether it is a standard top-freezer model, a side-by-side model, or a French door model, can also affect the inrush current.

Compressor Motor: The compressor motor is a crucial component of a refrigerator. It is responsible for cooling the interior and maintaining the desired temperature. The design and efficiency of the compressor motor can influence the inrush current. Newer models often have more efficient motors that draw fewer amps on startup.

Ambient Temperature: The ambient temperature of the room where the refrigerator is located can impact the inrush current. In warmer environments, the compressor motor may need to work harder to cool the interior, resulting in a higher inrush current.

## Typical Amps Drawn by a Refrigerator on Startup

The exact amps drawn by a refrigerator on startup can vary depending on the factors mentioned above. On average, a standard-sized refrigerator typically draws around 6 to 8 amps during startup. However, it is important to note that this is a general estimate, and the actual amps can differ based on the specific model and manufacturer.

It is worth mentioning that while the inrush current can be higher during startup, the operating amps of a refrigerator are usually lower. Once the refrigerator reaches its desired temperature, it settles into a more efficient operating mode, drawing fewer amps to maintain the cool temperature.

## Conclusion

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In conclusion, the amps drawn by a refrigerator on startup can vary based on factors such as the size and type of the refrigerator, the compressor motor, and the ambient temperature. While a standard-sized refrigerator typically draws around 6 to 8 amps on startup, it is essential to consult the manufacturer’s specifications for accurate information regarding a specific model.

Understanding the amps drawn by a refrigerator can help you ensure that your electrical system can handle the inrush current. It is always recommended to consult a professional electrician if you have concerns about the electrical requirements of your refrigerator.

## References

– energy.gov
– consumerreports.org
– refrigeration-engineer.com